The CIA and Anthrax

By Alllie

The CIA, that great evil, had weaponized anthrax of the Ames strain. The CIA. The president's secret army. The CIA had samples of weaponized anthrax and been making more using the same strain as found in the letters sent by the anthrax terrorist. Scientists at Dugway were also taught how to weaponize the bacteria.

U.S. Scientists Deplore Army's Silence on Anthrax Program
Several scientists and biological warfare experts say they were surprised by the revelation that a U.S. Army installation in Utah has been producing dried preparations of the Ames strain of the anthrax bacterium, the same strain found in letters to senators Thomas Daschle and Patrick Leahy.
Most said they believed the research was justified for defense purposes. But several expressed dismay that the army had never mentioned the work publicly before Wednesday even as it spearheaded the biological and chemical analysis of the Senate letters for the FBI, a potential conflict of interest that some feared could harm the credibility of the investigation.
William Patrick, who led the army's offensive biological weapons program at Fort Detrick until the program ended in 1969, said Thursday that it was he who taught Dugway scientists how to dry deadly bacteria into a fine powdery form in 1998. Mr. Patrick said he taught the method using a harmless species of bacterium… He said he believes the technique he gave to Dugway "is probably what they're now applying to the 'hot stuff.'"

Army officials would not comment. Dugway, in the Utah desert, has a long history of secret research and has been a favorite target of conspiracy theorists, including those who believe that the U.S. government has been hiding information about visits from aliens. In the 1960s, Dugway was embroiled in a controversy when thousands of sheep and other animals died downwind of the facility, showing symptoms of having been exposed to nerve gas.

So aliens, anthrax and conflicts of interest and the very people who might have security reasons to conceal the source of the anthrax are spearheading the investigation. Doesn't it just fill you with confidence....that the truth will never be revealed.

Capitol Hill Anthrax Matches Army's Stocks
The FBI's investigation into the anthrax attacks is increasingly focusing on whether U.S. government bioweapons research programs, including one conducted by the CIA, may have been the source of deadly anthrax powder sent through the mail, according to sources with knowledge of the probe. The results of the genetic tests strengthen that possibility. The FBI is focusing on a contractor that worked with the CIA, one source said.

The CIA's biowarfare program, which was designed to find ways to defend against bioterrorists, involved the use of small amounts of Ames strain, an agency spokesman said yesterday. The CIA declined to say where its Ames strain material came from. The spokesman said, however, that the CIA's anthrax was not milled into the volatile power form found in the letters and that none of it is missing.

Nevertheless, the FBI has turned its attention to learning more about the CIA's work with anthrax, which investigators were told about by the agency within the past few weeks, government officials said. The CIA has tried to develop defenses against a vaccine-resistant strain of anthrax reportedly developed by the Russians several years ago.
While the CIA has had small amounts of Ames strain anthrax in its labs to "compare and contrast with other strains," a spokesman said, the agency did not "grow, create or produce the Ames strain." The anthrax contained in the letters under investigation "absolutely did not" come from CIA labs, the spokesman said.

He also said that the FBI is fully aware of the CIA's work with anthrax and suggested investigators were satisfied with the information they had been provided. Law enforcement sources, however, said the FBI remains extremely interested in the CIA's work with anthrax, with one official calling it the best lead they have at this point. The sources said FBI investigators do not yet know much about the CIA program. A law enforcement source said the FBI did not initially include the CIA on its list of labs working with anthrax because the agency was not among 91 labs registered with the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to transfer anthrax specimens. But as investigators interviewed workers at those known labs, they learned of the CIA's work, and in the past few weeks posed questions about it to the agency.

Official: CIA uses anthrax, but no link to letters
The CIA uses anthrax in its bio-warfare program but the bacteria did not make it into tainted letters sent to two U.S. senators and several news organizations, an agency official said Sunday.

The confirmation that the CIA has anthrax comes less than a week after the U.S. Army admitted it has produced small amounts of the potentially deadly bacteria for years. But, just as Army officials denied any connection to the anthrax letters, a CIA official said the anthrax detected in letters sent earlier this fall "absolutely did not" come from CIA labs.

It's not like they would tell us the truth. Or that a spokesman would even know what the truth was. But it's clear that both Dugaway and the CIA had anthrax of the type sent by the anthrax terrorist.

Analysis of the Anthrax Attacks
Secret or questionable biodefense projects tend to be given to the CIA, DOE or other agencies and contractors instead of to DOD, in order to maintain deniability (for example, only DOD programs have been reported by the US in the annual information exchange about biodefense activities, under the Biological Weapons Convention). Many contractor scientists work in government labs. A CIA spokesman says that CIA scientists work with other government agencies and contractors on the biodefense program. [This page has had many updates.]

Ross reported that U.S. military and intelligence agencies have refused to provide the FBI with a full listing of the secret facilities and employees working on anthrax projects.

And everyone else has been investigated and check and rechecked again but the FBI can't investigate the CIA's anthrax programs because they refuse to tell the FBI who, what, when and where they have worked on weaponizing anthrax.

Because of this stonewalling, crucial evidence has been withheld. Professor Jeanne Guilleman of MIT's Biological Weapons Studies Center told ABC, "We're talking here about laboratories where, in fact, the material that we know was in the Daschle letter and in the Leahy letter could have been produced. And I think that's what the FBI is still trying to find out." But the FBI does not seem to want to pursue these important leads.

William Capers Patrick III was part of the original Fort Detrick anthrax development program, which "officially" ended in 1972 when President Nixon signed, along with the Soviet Union and United Kingdom, the Biological Weapons Convention. Nixon had actually ordered the Pentagon to stop producing biological weapons in 1969. It now seems likely that the U.S. military and intelligence community failed to follow Nixon's orders and, in fact, have consistently violated a lawful treaty signed by the United States. Cuba certainly accused the United States of using biological war weapons against it during the 1970s. In his book, Biological Warfare in the 21st Century, Malcolm Dando refers to the U.S. bio-attacks against the Caribbean island nation. The American covert campaign targeted the tobacco crop using blue mold, the sugar cane crop using cane smut, livestock using African swine fever, and the Cuban population using a hemorrhagic strain of dengue fever. [I wonder if similar attacks are why North Korea can't feed its population.]

The BBC reported that Battelle Memorial Institute (a favorite Pentagon and CIA contractor and for whom Alibek served as biological warfare program manager in 1998) conducted a secret biological warfare test in the Nevada desert using genetically-modified anthrax early last September, right before the terrorist attacks. The BBC reported that Patrick's paper on sending anthrax through the mail was also part of the classified contractor work on the deadly bacterial agent. [Scarily, Battelle is also involved in the Voter News Service election fiasco of 2002: "For this last election VNS even hired the well known, if not controversial, Battelle Memorial Institute to revamp their system. The hiring of Battelle, a major military defense and government intelligence contractor, raised the eyebrows of many observers who believe that there may be a connection between the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and VNS. Some suspect that the CIA doesn't limit its legendary vote rigging abilities to elections in foreign countries."]

Steven Block of Stanford University, an expert on biological warfare, told The Dallas Morning News that, "The American process for preparing anthrax is secret in its details, but experts know that it produces an extremely pure powder. One gram (a mere 28th of an ounce) contains a trillion spores . . . A trillion spores per gram is basically solid spore . . . It appears from all reports so far that this was a powder made with the so-called optimal U.S. recipe . . . That means they either had to have information from the United States or maybe they were the United States."

Anthrax matches U.S. Army stocks
Several scientists said they were surprised by the revelation that a U.S. Army installation in Utah has been producing dried preparations of the Ames strain of the anthrax bacterium, the same strain found in letters to Sens. Thomas A. Daschle and Patrick J. Leahy.

So, the anthrax was identical genetically to US government sources. So the anthrax was made by the optimum US method. So everyone has been investigated BUT the military and intelligence agencies which "have refused to provide the FBI with a full listing of the secret facilities and employees working on anthrax projects."

So every organization has been investigated …EXCEPT the CIA. So the very facilities where this weaponized anthrax was probably produced cannot be investigated. They cannot even be named. Their staffs cannot be identified or questioned. Their existence cannot be acknowledged even to those investigating the deaths of innocent Americans. Despite that fact that until Bush abrogated the Germ Warfare Treaty, it was illegal in the US to even work on such projects. So the source of the anthrax was deep in the bioweapons programs of the US government or the CIA and the FBI has not been allowed to investigate it.

But the FBI and the Bush administration doesn't really want to know … or already does. They will not allow the CIA to be investigated. Remember the rumors that in 1977 President Carter fired Bush41, then head of the CIA, and his CIA cabal for violating the Germ Warfare treaties. Their response was to use every dirty trick in the book to get Reagan AND Bush elected. Germ warfare is a part of their MO.


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