The CIA, that great evil, had weaponized anthrax of the Ames strain.
The CIA. The president's secret army. The CIA had samples of weaponized
anthrax and been making more using the same strain as found in the
letters sent by the anthrax terrorist. Scientists at Dugway were
also taught how to weaponize the bacteria.
Scientists Deplore Army's Silence on Anthrax Program
Several scientists and biological warfare experts say they were
surprised by the revelation that a U.S. Army installation in
Utah has been producing dried preparations of the Ames strain
of the anthrax bacterium, the same strain found in letters to
senators Thomas Daschle and Patrick Leahy.
Most said they believed the research was justified for defense
purposes. But several expressed dismay that the army had never
mentioned the work publicly before Wednesday even as it spearheaded
the biological and chemical analysis of the Senate letters for
the FBI, a potential conflict of interest that some feared could
harm the credibility of the investigation.
William Patrick, who led the army's offensive biological weapons
program at Fort Detrick until the program ended in 1969, said
Thursday that it was he who taught Dugway scientists how to
dry deadly bacteria into a fine powdery form in 1998. Mr.
Patrick said he taught the method using a harmless species of
He said he believes the technique he gave to Dugway
"is probably what they're now applying to the 'hot stuff.'"
Army officials would not comment. Dugway,
in the Utah desert, has a long history of secret research and
has been a favorite target of conspiracy theorists, including
those who believe that the U.S. government has been hiding information
about visits from aliens. In the 1960s, Dugway was embroiled
in a controversy when thousands of sheep and other animals died
downwind of the facility, showing symptoms of having been exposed
to nerve gas.
So aliens, anthrax and conflicts of interest and the very people
who might have security reasons to conceal the source of the anthrax
are spearheading the investigation. Doesn't it just fill you with
confidence....that the truth will never be revealed.
Hill Anthrax Matches Army's Stocks
The FBI's investigation into the anthrax attacks is increasingly
focusing on whether U.S. government bioweapons research programs,
including one conducted by the CIA, may have been the source of
deadly anthrax powder sent through the mail, according to
sources with knowledge of the probe. The results of the genetic
tests strengthen that possibility. The FBI is focusing on a contractor
that worked with the CIA, one source said.
The CIA's biowarfare program, which
was designed to find ways to defend against bioterrorists, involved
the use of small amounts of Ames strain, an agency spokesman
said yesterday. The CIA declined to say where its Ames strain
material came from. The spokesman said, however, that the CIA's
anthrax was not milled into the volatile power form found in the
letters and that none of it is missing.
Nevertheless, the FBI has turned its
attention to learning more about the CIA's work with anthrax,
which investigators were told about by the agency within the past
few weeks, government officials said. The CIA has tried to develop
defenses against a vaccine-resistant strain of anthrax reportedly
developed by the Russians several years ago.
While the CIA has had small amounts of Ames strain anthrax in
its labs to "compare and contrast with other strains,"
a spokesman said, the agency did not "grow, create or produce
the Ames strain." The anthrax contained in the letters under
investigation "absolutely did not" come from CIA labs,
the spokesman said.
He also said that the FBI is fully aware
of the CIA's work with anthrax and suggested investigators were
satisfied with the information they had been provided. Law enforcement
sources, however, said the FBI remains extremely interested
in the CIA's work with anthrax, with one official calling it the
best lead they have at this point. The sources said FBI investigators
do not yet know much about the CIA program. A law enforcement
source said the FBI did not initially include the CIA on its list
of labs working with anthrax because the agency was not among
91 labs registered with the federal Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention to transfer anthrax specimens. But as investigators
interviewed workers at those known labs, they learned of the CIA's
work, and in the past few weeks posed questions about it to the
CIA uses anthrax, but no link to letters
The CIA uses anthrax in its bio-warfare program but the
bacteria did not make it into tainted letters sent to two U.S.
senators and several news organizations, an agency official said
The confirmation that the CIA has anthrax
comes less than a week after the U.S. Army admitted it has
produced small amounts of the potentially deadly bacteria for
years. But, just as Army officials denied any connection to
the anthrax letters, a CIA official said the anthrax detected
in letters sent earlier this fall "absolutely did not"
come from CIA labs.
It's not like they would tell us the truth. Or that a spokesman
would even know what the truth was. But it's clear that both Dugaway
and the CIA had anthrax of the type sent by the anthrax terrorist.
of the Anthrax Attacks
Secret or questionable biodefense projects tend to be given to
the CIA, DOE or other agencies and contractors instead of to DOD,
in order to maintain deniability (for example, only DOD programs
have been reported by the US in the annual information exchange
about biodefense activities, under the Biological Weapons Convention).
Many contractor scientists work in government labs. A CIA spokesman
says that CIA scientists work with other government agencies and
contractors on the biodefense program.
[This page has had many updates.]
Ross reported that U.S. military
and intelligence agencies have refused to provide the FBI with
a full listing of the secret facilities and employees working
on anthrax projects.
And everyone else has been investigated and check and rechecked
again but the FBI can't investigate the CIA's anthrax programs because
they refuse to tell the FBI who, what, when and where they have
worked on weaponizing anthrax.
Because of this stonewalling, crucial evidence
has been withheld. Professor Jeanne Guilleman of MIT's Biological
Weapons Studies Center told ABC, "We're talking here about
laboratories where, in fact, the material that we know was in
the Daschle letter and in the Leahy letter could have been produced.
And I think that's what the FBI is still trying to find out."
But the FBI does not seem to want to pursue these important leads.
William Capers Patrick III was part of
the original Fort Detrick anthrax development program, which "officially"
ended in 1972 when President Nixon signed, along with the Soviet
Union and United Kingdom, the Biological Weapons Convention. Nixon
had actually ordered the Pentagon to stop producing biological
weapons in 1969. It now seems
likely that the U.S. military and intelligence community failed
to follow Nixon's orders and, in fact, have consistently violated
a lawful treaty signed by the United States. Cuba certainly
accused the United States of using biological war weapons against
it during the 1970s. In his book, Biological Warfare in the 21st
Century, Malcolm Dando refers to the U.S. bio-attacks against
the Caribbean island nation. The American covert campaign targeted
the tobacco crop using blue mold, the sugar cane crop using cane
smut, livestock using African swine fever, and the Cuban population
using a hemorrhagic strain of dengue fever. [I
wonder if similar attacks are why North Korea can't feed its population.]
The BBC reported that Battelle Memorial
Institute (a favorite Pentagon and CIA contractor and for
whom Alibek served as biological warfare program manager in 1998)
conducted a secret biological warfare test in the Nevada desert
using genetically-modified anthrax early last September,
right before the terrorist attacks. The BBC reported that
Patrick's paper on sending anthrax through the mail was also part
of the classified contractor work on the deadly bacterial agent.
[Scarily, Battelle is also involved
in the Voter News Service election fiasco of 2002: "For
this last election VNS even hired the well known, if not controversial,
Battelle Memorial Institute to revamp their system. The hiring
of Battelle, a major military defense and government intelligence
contractor, raised the eyebrows of many observers who believe
that there may be a connection between the Central Intelligence
Agency (CIA) and VNS. Some suspect that the CIA doesn't limit
its legendary vote rigging abilities to elections in foreign countries."
Steven Block of Stanford University, an
expert on biological warfare, told The Dallas Morning News that,
"The American process for preparing anthrax is secret
in its details, but experts know that it produces an extremely
pure powder. One gram (a mere 28th of an ounce) contains a trillion
spores . . . A trillion spores per gram is basically solid spore
. . . It appears from all reports so far that this was a powder
made with the so-called optimal U.S. recipe . . . That
means they either had to have information from the United States
or maybe they were the United States."
matches U.S. Army stocks
Several scientists said they were surprised
by the revelation that a U.S. Army installation in Utah has been
producing dried preparations of the Ames strain of the anthrax
bacterium, the same strain found in letters to Sens. Thomas A.
Daschle and Patrick J. Leahy.
So, the anthrax was identical genetically to US government sources.
So the anthrax was made by the optimum US method. So everyone has
been investigated BUT the military and intelligence agencies which
"have refused to provide the FBI with a full listing of the
secret facilities and employees working on anthrax projects."
So every organization has been investigated
EXCEPT the CIA.
So the very facilities where this weaponized anthrax was probably
produced cannot be investigated. They cannot even be named. Their
staffs cannot be identified or questioned. Their existence cannot
be acknowledged even to those investigating the deaths of innocent
Americans. Despite that fact that until Bush abrogated the Germ
Warfare Treaty, it was illegal in the US to even work on such projects.
So the source of the anthrax was deep in the bioweapons programs
of the US government or the CIA and the FBI has not been allowed
to investigate it.
But the FBI and the Bush administration doesn't really want to
or already does. They will not allow the CIA to be investigated.
Remember the rumors that in 1977 President Carter fired Bush41,
then head of the CIA, and his CIA cabal for violating the Germ Warfare
treaties. Their response was to use every dirty trick in the book
to get Reagan AND Bush elected. Germ warfare is a part of their
with any responses